Custom Search

Thursday, March 19, 2009

Textile finishing processes

Textile finishing processes » Basic methods and processes » Finishes enhancing tactile qualities

Finishes enhancing the feel and drape of fabrics involve the addition of sizing, weighting, fulling, and softening agents, which may be either temporary or permanent.

Textile finishing processes » Basic methods and processes » Finishes enhancing tactile qualities » Sizing

Sizing, or dressing, agents are compounds that form a film around the yarn or individual fibres, increasing weight, crispness, and lustre. Sizing substances, including starches, gelatin, glue, casein, and clay, are frequently applied to cottons and are not permanent.

Textile finishing processes » Basic methods and processes » Finishes enhancing tactile qualities »Weighting

Weighting, in the processing of silk, involves the application of metallic salts to add body and weight. The process is not permanent but can be repeated.

Textile finishing processes » Basic methods and processes » Finishes enhancing tactile qualities »Fulling

Also called felting or milling, fulling is a process that increases the thickness and compactness of wool by subjecting it to moisture, heat, friction, and pressure until shrinkage of 10 to 25 percent is achieved. Shrinkage occurs in both the warp and weft, producing a smooth, tightly finished fabric that may be so compact that it resembles felt.

Textile finishing processes » Basic methods and processes » Finishes enhancing tactile qualities »Softening

Making fabrics softer and sometimes also increasing absorbency involves the addition of such agents as dextrin, glycerin, sulfonated oils, sulfated tallow, and sulfated alcohols.

Textile finishing processes » Basic methods and processes » Finishes improving performance

The performance of fabrics in use has been greatly improved by the development of processes to control shrinkage, new resin finishes, and new heat-sensitive synthetic fibres.

Textile finishing processes » Basic methods and processes » Finishes improving performance »Shrinkage control

Shrinkage control processes are applied by compressive shrinkage, resin treatment, or heat-setting. Compressive, or relaxation, shrinkage is applied to cotton and to certain cotton blends to reduce the stretching they experience during weaving and other processing. The fabric is dampened and dried in a relaxed state, eliminating tensions and distortions. The number of warp and weft yarns per square inch is increased, contributing greater durability, and fabrics treated by this method are usually smooth and have soft lustre. The process involves spraying the fabric with water, then pressing the fabric against a steam-heated cylinder covered with a thick blanket of woollen felt or rubber. The manufacturer is often required to specify the residual shrinkage, or percentage of shrinkage, that may still occur after the preshrinking process.

Rayons and rayon blends may be stabilized by the use of resins, which impregnate the fibre. Such fabrics may also be stabilized by employing acetals to produce cross-linking, a chemical reaction. Such synthetics as polyesters and nylons, which are heat sensitive, are usually permanently stabilized by heat-setting during finishing.

Shrinkage of wools is frequently controlled by treatment with chlorine, partially destroying the scales that occur on wool fibres, thus increasing resistance to the natural tendency of wool to felt. Other methods employ coating with resins that attach to the scales in order to discourage felting shrinkage.

Textile finishing processes » Basic methods and processes » Finishes improving performance » Durable press

Durable press fabrics have such characteristics as shape retention, permanent pleating and creasing, permanently smooth seams, and the ability to shed wrinkles, and thus retain a fresh appearance without ironing. Such fabrics may be safely washed and dried by machine. These useful characteristics are imparted by a curing process. Depending upon composition and desired results, fabrics may be precured, a process in which a chemical resin is added, the fabric is dried and cured (baked), and heat is applied by pressing after garment construction; or fabrics may be postcured, a process in which resin is added, the fabric is dried, made into a garment, pressed, and then cured.

Wash-and-wear was an early durable press process employing chemical treatment and curing of fabrics; at least light ironing was required to restore appearance. Later, however, processes were developed that allowed such fabrics to regain smoothness after home machine washing at moderate temperature, followed by tumble drying.

Textile finishing processes » Basic methods and processes » Finishes improving performance » Crease resistance

Crease, or wrinkle, resistance is frequently achieved by application of asynthetic resin, such as melamine or epoxy.

Textile finishing processes » Basic methods and processes » Finishes improving performance » Soil release

Soil release finishes facilitate removal of waterborne and oil stains from fabrics such as polyester and cotton blends and fabrics treated for durable press, which usually show some resistance to stain removal by normal cleaning processes. Other finishes have been developed that give fabrics resistance to water and oil stains.

Textile finishing processes » Basic methods and processes » Finishes improving performance » Antistatic finishes

The accumulation of static electricity in such synthetic fibres as nylon, polyesters, and acrylics produces clinging, which may be reduced by application of permanent antistatic agents during processing. Consumers can partially reduce static electricity by adding commercial fabric softeners during laundering.

Textile finishing processes » Basic methods and processes » Finishes improving performance »Antibacterial and antifungus finishes

Antibacterial finishes are germicides applied to fabrics to prevent odours produced by bacterial decomposition, such as perspiration odours, and also to reduce the possibility of infection by contact with contaminated textiles. Fabrics may also be treated with germicides to prevent mildew, a parasitic fungus that may grow on fabrics that are not thoroughly dried. Both mildew and rot, another form of decay, may also be controlled by treatment with resins.

Textile finishing processes » Basic methods and processes » Finishes improving performance » Moth-repellent treatments

Wool and silk are subject to attack by moths but may be made moth repellent by the application of appropriate chemicals either added in the dye bath or applied to the finished fabric.

Textile finishing processes » Basic methods and processes » Finishes improving performance »Waterproofing and water repellence

Waterproofing is a process applied to such items as raincoats and umbrellas, closing the pores of the fabric by application of such substances as insoluble metallic compounds, paraffin, bituminous materials, and drying oilsWater-repellent finishes are surface finishes imparting some degree of resistance to water but are more comfortable to wear because the fabric pores remain open. Such finishes include wax and resin mixtures, aluminum salts, silicones, and fluoro-chemicals.

Textile finishing processes » Basic methods and processes » Finishes improving performance »Flameproof, fireproof, and fire-resistant finishes

Flameproof fabrics are able to withstand exposure to flame or high temperature. This is achieved by application of various finishes, depending upon the fabric treated, that cause burning to stop as soon as the source of heat is removed. Fireproofing is achieved by the application of a finish that will cut off the oxygen supply around the flame. Fire-resistant finishes cause fabrics to resist the spread of flame.

Textile finishing processes » Dyeing and printing

Dyeing and printing are processes employed in the conversion of raw textile fibres into finished goods that add much to the appearance of textile fabrics.


Anonymous said...

It's actually a nice and useful piece of information. I'm glad that you shared this helpful info with
us. Please keep us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

Check out my web site - paleo recipe cookbook

Anonymous said...

Hі, i read уour blog occaѕionаllу and i own
a similaг one and i was just сurіous іf уou get
a lot of spam remarks? If ѕo how do yοu
reduсe it, аny plugin οr anything you can ѕuggeѕt?

I get so much lately it's driving me insane so any support is very much appreciated.

Anonymous said...

Hi there mates, hοw іѕ the wholе thing,
аnd ωhаt you would like tо say on
the topiс of this post, in mу view іtѕ in fаct aωesоme іn supρort of me.

Stop by mу website -

Anonymous said...

This iѕ a sleek designed digіtal convectiоn toaѕter oven that will consіstentlу deliνer
perfect tаѕting food eνery tіme.
This annual plant саn be grown іn an container, аnd will yield betωeen 1-2 cups
οf fresh basil. Top thе dough with olive oil οr cooking spray, and scoop
the onion mіхtuгe over it evenly.

Μy web page

Anonymous said...

Thank you a lot for sharing this with all folks you really understand what you're speaking approximately! Bookmarked. Kindly additionally consult with my web site =). We will have a link exchange arrangement among us

Here is my webpage click through the up coming web site

Anonymous said...

Dip геmainіng four tortillas
into sаuce anԁ аrгange аbout 2nԁ lауeг.
This Florida tenting location іs ultimаte fоr а family оn a
price range for the reason that it іs reasοnably priced fоr the Orlаndo place and уet it is сloѕе to
all the primary attraсtionѕ liκe Disney.
Αѕ a maκe a dіfferеnce оf poіnt it is thiѕ
kinԁ of a hugely-cоncеntrated food itemѕ that, except taken in trulу small-ѕcаle ροrtions, it iѕ liable tо uрset weak

Also νisit my homepage :: old stone oven pizza stone round 14 inch

Anonymous said...

Hi there! Do you use Twitter? I'd like to follow you if that would be ok. I'm definitely enjoying your
blog and look forward to new updates.

Here is my website: Moodle @ CAD: Personal profile: Dewey Canfield

Anonymous said...

It is deѵеlopеd up from ԁiverse gгaԁеs of smаller mіxture thаt
havе been beforеhand cоated in hot bitumen thаt functions as a bіnder when mіxed carefully with ѕcorching asphalt.
Thesе substаnces are oftеn spottеԁ in all variations of houses, even those that агen't intended to be 'gгеen'. You might probably be the valid reason of hurdles in your father'ѕ achіеvements.

my webpаge:

Anonymous said...

Hey there! I understand this is somewhat off-topic however I needed to ask.
Does building a well-established website like yours require a lot of work?
I am completely new to writing a blog but I do write in my diary every
day. I'd like to start a blog so I will be able to share my own experience and feelings online. Please let me know if you have any kind of suggestions or tips for brand new aspiring bloggers. Thankyou!

My web-site; Vydox Male Enhancement Solution

Anonymous said...

This paragraph will help the internet viewers for building up new blog or even a weblog
from start to end.

Also visit my web page: simply click the following internet page

Anonymous said...

Thanks for finally writing about > "Textile finishing processes" < Liked it!

Also visit my weblog Learn

Anonymous said...

I like the helpful information you supply to your articles.
I will bookmark your weblog and take a look at once more
right here regularly. I'm reasonably certain I will be informed many new stuff proper here! Good luck for the following!

Feel free to visit my webpage

Anonymous said...

I used to be able to find good info from your blog posts.

Here is my web-site What Are The Ideal Male Enhancement Herbs

Anonymous said...

magnificent publish, very informative. I ponder why the other experts of
this sector don't notice this. You should continue your writing. I'm sure, you've a huge readers' base already!

Also visit my homepage: XtraSize Reviews

Anonymous said...

Fantastic goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff previous
to and you're just extremely fantastic. I actually like what you've acquired here, certainly like what you are saying and the way in which you
say it. You make it enjoyable and you still care for to keep it sensible.

I can't wait to read much more from you. This is actually a great website.

my weblog ...

Anonymous said...

This paragraph will help the internet users for setting up new webpage or even a
blog from start to end.

My blog post ... XtraSize Scam

Anonymous said...

It's difficult to find educated people in this particular topic, but you seem like you know what you're talking about!


Check out my blog post - XtraSize Review

Anonymous said...

I've read some just right stuff here. Certainly value bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise how much effort you place to make this kind of great informative website.

Also visit my webpage: Click on

Anonymous said...

Thanks for the marvelous posting! I quite enjoyed reading it, you're a great author.I will always bookmark your blog and definitely will come back later on. I want to encourage that you continue your great writing, have a nice holiday weekend!

Also visit my website -

Anonymous said...

Can I just say what a comfort to find an individual who really knows what they're discussing on the internet. You certainly understand how to bring a problem to light and make it important. More people have to read this and understand this side of your story. I can't believe you aren't more popular since you surely possess the gift.

Feel free to visit my web blog

Anonymous said...

Your means of explaining the whole thing in this article is
in fact nice, every one can effortlessly understand
it, Thanks a lot.

Review my webpage

Anonymous said...

Right here is the perfect blog for anybody who really wants to understand this topic.
You know a whole lot its almost hard to argue with you (not that
I really would want to…HaHa). You definitely put a brand new
spin on a subject that has been discussed for a long time.
Excellent stuff, just wonderful!

Also visit my web page :: just click the up coming internet site

Anonymous said...

My brother recommended I might like this web site.
He was totally right. This submit truly made my day. You can not believe just how much time I
had spent for this information! Thanks!

my homepage;

Anonymous said...

I'll immediately seize your rss feed as I can't find your email subscription
hyperlink or e-newsletter service. Do you've any? Please let me recognize so that I may just subscribe. Thanks.

Also visit my page:

Anonymous said...

you're really a just right webmaster. The web site loading velocity is incredible. It kind of feels that you are doing any distinctive trick. In addition, The contents are masterwork. you've done a wonderful job on this matter!

my web site please click the next website page

Anonymous said...

Aw, this was an extremely good post. Finding the time and actual
effort to produce a very good article… but what can I say… I hesitate a whole lot and never manage to get anything done.

My site ::

Anonymous said...

Hi! This post could not be written any better! Reading through this post
reminds me of my previous room mate! He always kept talking about this.
I will forward this article to him. Fairly certain he will
have a good read. Many thanks for sharing!

Also visit my blog post :: Testostrong Review

Anonymous said...

Hi are using Wordpress for your blog platform? I'm new to the blog world but I'm trying to
get started and set up my own. Do you require any coding knowledge to make your
own blog? Any help would be really appreciated!

Feel free to visit my blog: male enhancement reviews

Anonymous said...

Oh my goodness! Incredible article dude! Thanks, However I am experiencing issues with your RSS.
I don't know why I cannot subscribe to it. Is there anybody getting the same RSS problems? Anyone that knows the solution can you kindly respond? Thanks!!

Here is my web blog; Aura Vie

Anonymous said...

Since the admin of this site is working, no hesitation very
soon it will be famous, due to its quality contents.

My web site ...

Anonymous said...

qweqweqwe best laptops under 500 asdaasfasfasf
adasfafascxvzcxv cheap gaming laptops
best laptop under 500 ascadvsdbsdbd
zxcz gaming laptops under 500 asdads
adasfsdg gaming laptops under 500 xcbxbxcb
cbcbnvbm good gaming laptops ryruurt
4uruyjfg good gaming laptops
678utfhg gaming laptops under 500 234tdh
2354etyh gaming laptops under 500 iuyt5
vdfgrht gaming laptops under 500 546ygh

Anonymous said...

Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any
widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest
twitter updates. I've been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have some experience with something like this. Please let me know if you run into anything. I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.

Visit my website :: Green Coffee Cleanse Diets

Anonymous said...

Magnificent goods from you, man. I've understand your stuff previous to and you're just too great.
I really like what you have acquired here, really like
what you are stating and the way in which you say it.
You make it entertaining and you still care for to keep it sensible.
I can not wait to read much more from you. This is actually a tremendous site.

Garcinia Cambogia reviews

Anonymous said...

qweqweqwe good gaming laptops asdaasfasfasf
adasfafascxvzcxv gaming laptops under 500
cheap gaming laptops
zxcz gaming laptops under 500 asdads
adasfsdg best laptops for gaming xcbxbxcb
cbcbnvbm gaming laptops under 500 ryruurt
4uruyjfg gaming laptops under 500 dghkgkjhl
678utfhg gaming laptops under 500 234tdh
2354etyh cheap gaming laptops iuyt5
vdfgrht best laptop under 500 546ygh

Anonymous said...

Hi there friends, how is everything, and what you would like
to say concerning this paragraph, in my view its actually
remarkable for me.

Also visit my webpage; cheap laptop for gaming

Anonymous said...

It carries an HDMI out port, but does not come with
a cable. Samson Technologies is done of three distinct brands.
com is providing these deals on its Hot Deals stores.
4) the technophobe, a person having a genuine fascination with
finding the most effective amount of gear to produce movies and record things worth focusing on;.

Look at my homepage; Best Camcorder Reviews

Anonymous said...

Greate article. Keep writing such kіnd
οf infoгmation on your site. Im really impresѕed by youг sіte.

Hellο there, You've performed a fantastic job. I'll definitеly digg it and in my view suggeѕt to my friends.
I аm сonfіdent they'll be benefited from this site.

Feel free to surf to my web page; how to build arm muscle fast

Anonymous said...

Excellent post. I was checking continuously this blog and I am impressed!
Extremely useful information particularly the last part :) I care for such info a lot.
I was seeking this particular info for a very long time.
Thank you and best of luck.

my webpage ... Online Income Access Review

Anonymous said...

Have you ever thought about publishing an ebook or guest authoring on other websites?
I have a blog based on the same information you
discuss and would really like to have you share some stories/information.
I know my audience would value your work.
If you're even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an e-mail.

My webpage - minneapolis lofts

Anonymous said...

Hello superb blog! Does running a blog such as this take
a lot of work? I've very little knowledge of computer programming but I had been hoping to start my own blog soon.
Anyway, if you have any recommendations or techniques for new blog owners please share.
I understand this is off subject however I simply had to ask.
Appreciate it!

Feel free to surf to my website: bukkit servers minecraft

Anonymous said...

I every time spent my half an hour to read this web site's posts everyday along with a
mug of coffee.

My homepage - Natural Cleanse REviews