(a) Care label means a permanent label or tag, containing regular care information and instructions, that is attached or affixed in such a manner that it will not become separated from the product and will remain legible during the useful life of the product.
(b) Certain Piece Goods means textile products sold by the piece from bolts or rolls for the purpose of making home sewn textile wearing apparel. This includes remnants, the fiber content of which is known, that are cut by or for a retailer but does not include manufacturers' remnants, up to ten yards long, that are clearly and conspicuously marked pound goods or fabrics of undetermined origin (i.e., fiber content is not known and cannot be easily ascertained) and trim, up to five inches wide.
(c) Dryclean means a commercial process by which soil is removed from products or specimens in a machine which uses any common organic solvent (e.g. petroleum, perchlorethylene, fluorocarbon). The process may also include adding moisture to the solvent, up to 75% relative humidity, hot tumble drying up to 160 degrees F (71 degrees C) and restoration by steam press or steam-air finishing.
(d) Machine Wash means a process by which soil is removed from products in a specially designed machine using water, detergent or soap and agitation. When no temperature is given, e.g., warm or cold, hot water up to 150 degrees F (66 degrees C) can be regularly used.
(e) Regular Care means customary and routine care, not spot care.
(f) Textile Product means any commodity, woven, knit or otherwise made primarily of fiber, yarn or fabric and intended for sale or resale, requiring care and maintenance to effectuate ordinary use and enjoyment.
(g) Textile Wearing Apparel means any finished garment or article of clothing made from a textile product that is customarily used to cover or protect any part of the body, including hosiery, excluding footwear, gloves, hats or other articles used exclusively to cover or protect the head or hands.
Textile wearing apparel.
This section applies to textile wearing apparel.
(a) Manufacturers and importers must attach care labels so that they can be seen or easily found when the product is offered for sale to consumers. If the product is packaged, displayed, or folded so that customers cannot see or easily find the label, the care information must also appear on the outside of the package or on a hang tag fastened to the product.
(b) Care labels must state what regular care is needed for the ordinary use of the product. In general, labels for textile wearing apparel must have either a washing instruction or a drycleaning instruction. If a washing instruction is included, it must comply with the requirements set forth in paragraph (b)(1) of this section. If a drycleaning instruction is included, it must comply with the requirements set forth in paragraph (b)(2) of this section. If either washing or drycleaning can be used on the product, the label need have only one of these instructions. If the product cannot be cleaned by any available cleaning method without being harmed, the label must so state. [For example, if a product would be harmed both by washing and by drycleaning, the label might say "Do not wash -- do not dryclean," or "Cannot be successfully cleaned."] The instructions for washing and drycleaning are as follows:
(1) Washing, drying, ironing, bleaching and warning instructions must follow these requirements:
(i) Washing. The label must state whether the product should be washed by hand or machine. The label must also state a water temperature that may be used. However, if the regular use of hot water will not harm the product, the label need not mention any water temperature. [For example, "Machine wash" means hot, warm or cold water can be used.]
(ii) Drying. The label must state whether the product should be dried by machine or by some other method. If machine drying is called for, the label must also state a drying temperature that may be used. However, if the regular use of a high temperature will not harm the product, the label need not mention any drying temperature. [For example, "Tumble dry" means that a high, medium, or low temperature setting can be used.]
(iii) Ironing. Ironing must be mentioned on a label only if it will be needed on a regular basis to preserve the appearance of the product, or if it is required under paragraph (b)(1)(v) of this section, Warnings. If ironing is mentioned, the label must also state an ironing temperature that may be used. However, if the regular use of a hot iron will not harm the product, the label need not mention any ironing temperature.
(iv) Bleaching. (A) If all commercially available bleaches can safely be used on a regular basis, the label need not mention bleaching.
(B) If all commercially available bleaches would harm the product when used on a regular basis, the label must say "No bleach" or "Do not bleach."
(C) If regular use of chlorine bleach would harm the product, but regular use of a non-chlorine bleach would not, the label must say "Only non-chlorine bleach, when needed."
(v) Warnings. (A) If there is any part of the prescribed washing procedure which consumers can reasonably be expected to use that would harm the product or others being washed with it in one or more washings, the label must contain a warning to this effect. The warning must use words "Do not," "No," "Only," or some other clear wording. [For example, if a shirt is not colorfast, its label should state "Wash with like colors" or "Wash separately." If a pair of pants will be harmed by ironing, its label should state "Do not iron."]
(B) Warnings are not necessary for any procedure that is an alternative to the procedure prescribed on the label. [For example, if an instruction states "Dry flat," it is not necessary to give the warning "Do not tumble dry."]
(2) Drycleaning. -- (i) General. If a drycleaning instruction is included on the label, it must also state at least one type of solvent that may be used. However, if all commercially available types of solvent can be used, the label need not mention any types of solvent. The terms "Drycleanable" or "Commercially Dryclean" may not be used in an instruction. [For example, if drycleaning in perchlorethylene would harm a coat, the label might say "Professionally dryclean: fluorocarbon or petroleum."]
(ii) Warnings. (A) If there is any part of the drycleaning procedure which consumers or drycleaners can reasonably be expected to use that would harm the product or others being cleaned with it, the label must contain a warning to this effect. The warning must use the words "Do not," "No," "Only," or some other clear wording. [For example, the drycleaning process normally includes moisture addition to solvent up to 75% relative humidity, hot tumble drying up to 160 degrees F and restoration by steam press or steam-air finish. If a product can be drycleaned in all solvents but steam should not be used, its label should state "Professionally dryclean. No steam."]
(B) Warnings are not necessary to any procedure which is an alternative to the procedure prescribed on the label. [For example, if an instruction states "Professionally dryclean, fluorocarbon," it is not necessary to give the warning "Do not use perchlorethylene."]
(c) A manufacturer or importer must establish a reasonable basis for care information by processing prior to sale:
(1) Reliable evidence that the product was not harmed when cleaned reasonably often according to the instructions on the label, including instructions when silence has a meaning. [For example, if a shirt is labeled "Machine wash. Tumble dry. Cool iron.," the manufacturer or importer must have reliable proof that the shirt is not harmed when cleaned by machine washing (in hot water), with any type of bleach, tumble dried (at a high setting), and ironed with a cool iron]; or
(2) Reliable evidence that the product or a fair sample of the product was harmed when cleaned by methods warned against on the label. However, the manufacturer or importer need not have proof of harm when silence does not constitute a warning. [For example, if a shirt is labeled "Machine wash warm. Tumble dry medium", the manufacturer need not have proof that the shirt would be harmed if washed in hot water or dried on high setting]; or
(3) Reliable evidence, like that described in paragraph (c) (1) or (2) of this section, for each component part of the product; or
(4) Reliable evidence that the product or a fair sample of the product was successfully tested. The tests may simulate the care suggested or warned against on the label; or
(5) Reliable evidence of current technical literature, past experience, or the industry expertise supporting the care information on the label; or
(6) Other reliable evidence.
1. Washing, Machine Methods:
a. Machine wash -- a process by which soil may be removed from products or specimens through the use of water, detergent or soap, agitation and a machine designed for this purpose. When no temperature is given, e.g., warm or cold, hot water up to 150°C) can be regularly used.
b. Warm -- initial water temperature setting 90°F (32°C) (hand comfortable).
c. Cold -- initial water temperature setting same as cold water tap up to 85°C).
d. Do not have commercially laundered -- do not employ a laundry which uses special formulations, sour rinses, extermely large loads or extermely high temperatures or which otherwise is employed for commercial, industrial or institutional use. Employ laundering methods designed for residential use or use in a self-service establishment.
e. Small load -- smaller than normal washing load.
f. Delicate cycle or gentle cycle -- slow agitation and reduced time.
g. Durable press cycle or permanent press cycle -- cool down rinse or cold rinse before reduced spinning.
h. Separately -- alone.
i. With like colors -- with colors of similar hue and intensity.
j. Wash inside out -- turn product inside out to protect face of fabric.
k. Warm rinse -- initial water temperature setting 90°F (32°C).
l. Cold rinse -- initial water temperature setting same as cold water tap up to 85°C).
m. Rinse thoroughly -- rinse several times to remove detergent, soap, and bleach.
n. No spin or Do not spin -- remove material start of final spin cycle.
o. No wring or Do not wring -- do not use roller wringer, nor wring by hand.
2. Washing, Hand Methods:
a. Hand wash -- a process by which soil may be manually removed from products or specimens through the use of water, detergent or soap, and gentle squeezing action. When no temperature is given, e.g., warm or cold, hot water up to 150°C) can be regularly used.
b. Warm -- initial water temperature 90°F (32°C) (hand comfortable).
c. Cold -- initial water temperature same as cold water tap up to 85°C).
d. Separately -- alone.
e. With like colors -- with colors of similar hue and intensity.
f. No wring or twist -- handle to avoid wrinkles and distortion.
g. Rinse thoroughly -- rinse several times to remove detergent, soap, and bleach.
h. Damp wipe only -- surface clean with damp cloth or sponge.
3. Drying, All Methods:
a. Tumble dry -- use machine dryer. When no temperature setting is given, machine drying at a hot setting may be regularly used.
b. Medium -- set dryer at medium heat.
c. Low -- set dryer at low heat.
d. Durable press or Permanent press -- set dryer at permanent press setting.
e. No heat -- set dryer to operate without heat.
f. Remove promptly -- when items are dry, remove immediately to prevent wrinkling.
g. Drip dry -- hang dripping wet with or without hand shaping and smoothing.
h. Line dry -- hang damp from line or bar in or out of doors.
i. Line dry in shade -- dry away from sun.
j. Line dry away from heat -- dry away from heat.
k. Dry flat -- lay out horizontally for drying.
l. Block to dry -- reshape to original dimensions while drying.
m. Smooth by hand -- by hand, while wet, remove wrinkles, straighten seams and facings.
4. Ironing and Pressing:
a. Iron -- Ironing is needed. When no temperature is given iron at the highest temperature setting may be regularly used.
b. Warm iron -- medium temperature setting.
c. Cool iron -- lowest temperature setting.
d. Do not iron -- item not to be smoothed or finished with an iron.
e. Iron wrong side only -- article turned inside out for ironing or pressing.
f. No steam or Do not steam -- steam in any form not to be used.
g. Steam only -- steaming without contact pressure.
h. Steam press or Steam iron -- use iron at steam setting.
i. Iron damp -- articles to be ironed should feel moist.
j. Use press cloth -- use a dry or a damp cloth between iron and fabric.
a. Bleach when needed -- all bleaches may be used when necessary.
b. No bleach or Do not bleach -- no bleaches may be used.
c. Only non-chlorine bleach, when needed -- only the bleach specified may be used when necessary. Chlorine bleach may not be used.
6. Washing or Drycleaning:
a. Wash or dryclean, any normal method -- can be machine washed in hot water, can be machine dried at a high setting, can be ironed at a hot setting, can be bleached with all commercially available bleaches and can be drycleaned with all commercially available solvents.
7. Drycleaning, All Procedures:
a. Dryclean -- a process by which soil may be removed from products or specimens in a machine which uses any common organic solvent (for example, petroleum, perchlorethylene, fluorocarbon) located in any commercial establishment. The process may include moisture addition to solvent up to 75% relative humidity, hot tumble drying up to 160°F (71°C) and restoration by steam press or steam-air finishing.
b. Professionally dryclean -- use the drycleaning process but modified to ensure optimum results either by a drycleaning attendant or through the use of a drycleaning machine which permits such modifications or both. Such modifications or special warnings must be included in the care instruction.
c. Petroleum, Fluorocarbon, or Perchlorethylene -- employ solvent(s) specified to dryclean the item.
d. Short cycle -- reduced or minimum cleaning time, depending upon solvent used.
e. Minimum extraction -- least possible extraction time.
f. Reduced moisture or Low moisture -- decreased relative humidity.
g. No tumble or Do not tumble -- do not tumble dry.
h. Tumble warm -- tumble dry up to 120°C).
i. Tumble cool -- tumble dry at room temperature.
j. Cabinet dry warm -- cabinet dry up to 120°C).
k. Cabinet dry cool -- cabinet dry at room temperature.
l. Steam only -- employ no contact pressure when steaming.
m. No steam or Do not steam -- do not use steam in pressing, finishing, steam cabinets or wands.
8. Leather and Suede Cleaning:
a. Leather clean -- have cleaned only by a professional cleaner who uses special leather or suede care methods.